Each council recognises and protects the rights, interests and responsibilities of the community, individuals, community sectors and public bodies in the area. Councils are part of the system of government and work together through the Local Government Association. Local councils are different in size, number of citizens, community facilities and public space. Council members are elected by the public or appointed to terms of four years of the office. Members of councils have a complex part, their typical duties and responsibilities including
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There is a variety of councils including county councils, district councils, city councils, metropolitan councils. Councils include mayor, clerks and councillors. Their tasks are ensuring that all operations within the region are fulfilled under the law and regulation.
Mayor, also called warden, chair, reeve. Mayor is often elected, he is the head of each council. He works as the representative of the municipality, the main spokesperson for the council. He is responsible for greeting important visitors, attending formal or informal talks, public events. He need to monitor council meetings and encourage councillors to participate in decision making. He must make sure that all actions of the Council are lawful and undertaken with the minimum of delay. He also need to build up cooperation relationship with neighbouring district councils.
There are no educational requirements for candidates in the position of mayor. The general popularity with local citizens is normally considered more important than their educational background. However, candidates who are well certificated, they have more chances to be elected as mayor. Candidates with a degree in business, law or teaching, public relation, coming from any industry, field or trade are acceptable.To become a perfect mayor, candidates also need to acquire some skills and abilities such as effective communication and interpersonal, managerial and organizational skills, ability to pay attention to detail, resolve multi-problems and work under high pressure They must be friendly, moral and have a disire to improve their community.
Clerks are senior officials of manymunicipal governments. The role of clerks is regarded to administrative tasks. The clerks are considered as executive officers. They are in charge of guiding and offering advice to the Council and its members on procedural and legal aspects of their work and policy making. They have responsibilities to answer official correspondence, set agenda, prepare document for council meetings, record and appropriately distribute minutes to officials and staff members. They need to monitor and manage the fiscal records, counts, budget.
Important factors deciding the failure or success in individual’s career are the skills and aptitudes. Clerks are required to strongly understand local government laws, legal codes, labor relation practices, customer service and mathematics and have knowledge of management procedures, records management, filing systems, office correspondence, accounting or bookkeeping, etc.. They need to gain communication and interpersonal, analytical and negotiating skills and ability to work under stress.
Councillors are elected by the public for the term of 4 years. They have responsibilities to make decisions about the council directions and budget spending. They often pay a visit to citizens’ house to pick up and collect expectation, aspiration and petition. They represent the people in their jurisdiction, they discuss with other agencies to resolve issues such as housing, social services, schools, the environment and transport. They often travel frequently to attend local meetings and council meetings. They can share responsibility for the financial management of the Council.
Councillors work as volunteers, they do not receive wages. But they are paid an allowance. The allowance is set, once every four years before Local Government elections. The amounts are to be indexed by CPI in the following three years.
They must be friendly, enthusiastic and willing to work with the community. They need to get some knowledge of local government laws, legal codes, labor relation practices, management procedures, records management, filing systems, office correspondence, accounting or bookkeeping, etc. They must be friendly, moral and enthusiastic and possess some skills of communication and negotiation, evaluation and analysis, ability to pay attention to detail, resolve multi-problems and work under high pressure.
Council members are elected or appointed for 4 year terms. Positions in councils do not require specific academic qualifications. Candidates’ popularity, fame and capability are more important than education. Of course, well certificated candidates will have more opportunities to find a position in councils. Candidates with degrees in any field, industry, trade, such as Business, Governance & Legislation, Human Resources, Planning and Development , Administration Risk Management may be acceptable and favourable. The crucial factors are they must have a passion and willingness to work with communities, improve living standard of the citizens. They must be residents of the City for one year prior to election and of voting age, must not be in arrears or in debt to local government and never convicted in a court of law of malfeasance of office, bribery or other corrupt crime.
To become perfect council members, candidates should possess some basic skills, including
Working in local councils, council workers can work indoors or outdoors. They usually work about 40 hours per week but may work longer in evenings and on weekends to meet visitors, handling incidents. They have many opportunities to work across a variety of projects and locations, meet all types of people from the poor to government officials. They also have a lot of chance to transfer to different departments, different councils or government agencies.
Compensation for members of local councils vary according to the size of city and responsibility they get. In smaller towns and cities, council members volunteer their time and there is no payment. In some other populous cities, council members will be paid for their performance and devotement. Annual salary for entry-level positions in councils is about $50,000 and in high-level positions, the payment can reach up to $130,000.
People often base on some factors to decide who are valid candidates for the position of council members they are looking for. And work experience is one of the important factors. People usually have their belief in candidates who get many years experience in political activities, management, at the same role or related positions.
University of South Australia
University of Adelaide
Australian Institute of Business
City of Brisbane
Brisbane, the capital of Queensland was established in 1924. It is the third most populous city in Australia with the population about 1,041,839. The city is in the Southeast corner of Queensland and centered along the Brisbane River, its eastern suburbs line the shores of Moreton Bay. It has a humid subtropical climate.
The city is governed by the Brisbane City Council, the current Lord Mayor of Brisbane is Graham Quirk. This largest local council includes twenty-six wards, the head of each ward is a councillor and his party affiliations.
Gold Coast City
At present, Gold Coast City is the second largest local area in Australia with the area 1,358 km2 and its population is 527,828. The city is divided into 14 wards, each ward in managed by a councillor who is elected for 4 year terms. The head of Gold Coast City is the Mayor named Cr Tom Tate.
Moreton bay regional
The council of Moreton bay region was formed at the March 2008 with the merger of three councils including Caboolture, Pine Rivers and Redcliffe. Now, the city is the third largest local council in Australia with a population of over 389,684, and an area of 2,037 km2
The city is managed by a Major and divided into 12 divisions, approximately 12 councillors represent each division.
Sunshine Coast Region
Sunshine Coast Region is located in the Sunshine Coast region of South East Queensland. It was established at the 16 March 2008 with an area of 3,124.5 km2 and a population of 330,934.
The city is divided into 12 divisions, one councillor represents one division. The head of the local council is the Mayor. He is elected by the citizens for 4 year terms. The present mayor of the region is Mark Jamieson, a businessman.
City of Blacktown
Blacktown is a local government area in Western Sydney. It has an area of 246.9 km2 and a population of 301,099. The city includes 5 separate wards, each ward has 3 councillors. The head of the local council is the Mayor. The Mayor is elected by all councillors at the first council meeting. The current Mayor of the City is Cr. Len Robinson, the members of the Liberal party
City of Casey
The city of Casey was formed in 1994 with the amalgamation of the City of Berwick, shire of Cranbourne and City of Knox. The city occupies an area of 409.9 km2 and its population is about 252,382. It is divided into 6 wards. Each ward has 2 councillors instead of electing one councillor in Balla Balla Ward. Councillors perform their duties in a 4-year term. Councillors will vote to elect the Mayor every year.
The seaside city is located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales. It was established in 1942 and nowadays, it becomes the third largest city in New South Wales only after Sydney and Newcastle, and the ninth largest city in Australia with an area of 684 km2 and a population of 292,190.
The city has a 3 separate wards and each ward will have 4 councillors. The head of the region is the Mayor who are elected by all councillors. The present Mayor of the City of Wollongong is Gordon Bradbery